Tag Archives: Fiber Splice Closure

Benefits From LSZH Jacked Cables

If protection of equipment or people is a design requirement, consider low-smoke zero-halogen (LSZH) jacketed cables. They emit fewer toxic fumes than standard PVC-based cable jackets. Typically, LSZH Fiber Optic Cable is used in confined spaces such as mining operations where ventilation is of concern.

What Is the Difference Between LSZH Cable and Common Cables?

The function and technique parameter of LSZH fiber optic cable is just like common fiber optic cables, and inner structure is also similar, the basic difference is the jackets. LSZH fiber optic jackets is more fire-resistant compared with common PVC jacketed cables, even when they are caught in fire, the burned LSZH cables provide low smoke and no halogen substances, this feature is not only environment protective but the low smoke when it got burned is also important to people and facilities in the fired place.

LSZH jacket is made up of some very special materials which are non-halogenated and flame retardant. LSZH cable jacketing is composed of thermoplastic or thermoset compounds that emit limited smoke and no halogen when exposed to high sources of heat. LSZH cable reduces the amount of harmful toxic and corrosive gas emitted during combustion. This type of material is typically used in poorly ventilated areas such as aircraft or rail cars. LSZH jackets are also safer than Plenum-rated cable jackets which have low flammability but still release toxic and caustic fumes when they are burned.

Low smoke zero halogen is becoming very popular and, in some cases, a requirement where the protection of people and equipment from toxic and corrosive gas is critical. This type of cable is ever involved in a fire very little smoke is produced making this cable an excellent choice for confined places such as ships, submarines, aircraft, high-end server rooms and network centers.

Every coin has two sides. Since LSZH cables have so many benefits listed above, what are the Cons of the cable?

1. LSZH is more susceptible to jacket cracking. Special lubricants have been made to minimize damage during installation.

2. LSZH jacket has a high filler content, around 50% to provide the required flame and smoke performance. This results in a lower mechanical, chemical resistance, water absorption and electrical properties then non LSZH compounds.

3. The current generation of LSZH cables has not yet established a proven history of long time performance.

The LSZH cables are available with 1, 2, 12, 24 fibers, and variable sub-cable dimensions that support specific termination and routing requirements. They are suitable for halogen free and many international installations. LSZH cable contains no flooding gel and is OFNR Riser rated, is perfect for installation in conduits between buildings and run directly thru risers to a convenient network or fiber optic splice closure without a separate point of splice at building entrance.

There are also LSZH fiber optic patch cords available. Both LSZH fiber optic cables and LSZH fiber optic patch cords are required for the Rosh compliant cable assemblies, but Rosh standard is more strict besides it require the cables to be LSZH type. LSZH fiber patch cables are used widely used in the places where expensive equipment would be damaged if exposed to corrosive gases, and they are also used in crowded areas like commercial centers and sports centers.

Guide to Fiber Optic Splice Closure

Fiber optic splice closure is usually used with outdoor fiber optic cables, provides space for the outdoor fiber optic cables to be spliced together. The fiber optic splice closures and the fiber trays inside will protect the spliced fiber and the joint parts of the outdoor fiber cables. Generally the fiber optic splice closures are dome type and horizontal types, and Horizontal Fiber Splice Closure is used more often.

Structure of Fiber Splice Closures

The fiber splice closures are made from special industrial grade, high tension plastic with a reliable moisture barrier. They are also optimized to resist aging of the material due to factors in the natural environment such as ultraviolet light.

There are two main types of closures, fiber optic and fiber optic terminal. A closure is hardware used to restore integrity of fiber cables entering the enclosure. The terminal is a hardened external connector that allows the addition of one or more fiber cables to the enclosure. These two categories can be configured as butt closures and in-line closures. The butt closure allows cables to enter from one end, while the in-line allows entry from both ends. Both the butt closures and in-line closures can be one of the following types:

Fiber Optic Splice Closures Key Features

The box add aging-resistant in imported high tensile construction plastic out-faster is made up of stainless steel;
Overlap structure in splicing tray easy to install;
Suitable for ordinary fiber and ribbon fiber;
Perfect leak proofness and fine function;
Perfect and reliable sealing operations;
Fiber-bending radium guaranteed more than 40mm;
Full accessories for convenient operations;
Fiber optic splice closure can be used repeatedly;
High reliability;
For aerial, and direct buried applications.

Fiber Optic Splice Closure Types

For outside plant splice closure, there are two major types: horizontal type and vertical type.

1) Horizontal type

Horizontal type splice closures look like flat or cylindrical case. They provide space and protection for optical cable splicing and joint. They can be mounted aerial, buried, or for underground applications. Horizontal types are used more often than vertical type (dome type) closures.

Most horizontal fiber closure can accommodate hundreds of fiber connections. They are designed to be waterproof and dust proof. They can be used in temperature ranging from -40°C to 85°C and can accommodate up to 106 kpa pressure. The cases are usually made of high tensile construction plastic, are widely used in CATV, telecommunications and fiber optic networks.

2) Vertical Type

Vertical type of fiber optic splice closures looks like a dome, thus they are also called dome fiber optic splice closure. They meet the same specification as the horizontal types. They are designed for buried applications.

Vertical fiber optic splice closures are made of excellent engineering plastics, they are with 1inlet/outlet ports, 2inlet/outlet ports, 3inlet/outlet ports types, fitting different fiber optic core numbers. The vertical fiber optic splice closure is used in CATV, telecommunications and fiber optic networks.

Fiber splice closures accept both Ribbon Fiber Cable and round fiber cables. Each type (ribbon or round cable) fits respective requirement of different fiber splicing counts. They are widely used in optic telecommunication systems. FiberStore offers fiber optic splice closure, vertical, horizontal, dome, from 2 cores to 240 cores maximum, with inside fiber optic splice trays accessories like fusion splice sleeves.